TEXT OF HIROHITO'S WAR DECLARATION
By the grace of heaven, Emperor of Japan, seated on the throne
occupied by the same dynasty from time immemorial, enjoin upon ye, our loyal and brave subjects:
We hereby declare war upon the United States of America and the British Empire. The men and officers of our Army
and Navy shall do their utmost in prosecuting the war. Our public servants of various departments shall perform faithfully
and diligently their respective duties; the entire nation with a united will shall mobilize their total strength so that
nothing will miscarry in the attainment of our war aims.
To ensure the stability of East Asia, and to contribute to world
peace is the farsighted policy which was formulated by our great illustrious Imperial Grandsire and our Great Imperial Sire
succeeding him and which we lay constantly to heart. To cultivate friendship among
nations and to enjoy prosperity in common with all nations, has always been the guiding
principle of our Empire's foreign policy. It has truly been unavoidable and far from our wishes that our Empire has
been brought to cross swords with America and Britain. More than four years have passed since China, failing to comprehend
the true intentions of our Empire, and recklessly courting trouble, disturbed the peace of East Asia and compelled our Empire
to take up arms. Although there has been reestablished the National Government of China, with which Japan had effected neighborly
intercourse and cooperation, the regime which has survived in Chungking, relying upon American and British protection, still
continues its fratricidal opposition.
Eager for the realization of their inordinate ambition to dominate
the Orient, both America and Britain, giving support to the Chungking regime, have aggravated the disturbances in East Asia.
Moreover these two powers, inducing other countries to follow suit, increased military preparations on all sides of our Empire
to challenge us. They have obstructed by every means our peaceful commerce and finally resorted to a direct severance of economic
relations, menacing greatly the existence of our Empire.
Patiently have we waited and long have
we endured, in the hope that our Government might retrieve the situation in peace. But our adversaries, showing not the least
spirit of conciliation, have unduly delayed a settlement; and in the meantime they have intensified the economic and political
pressure to compel our Empire to submission. This trend of affairs, would, if left unchecked, not only nullify
our Empire's efforts of many years for the sake of the stabilization of East Asia, but also endanger the very existence of
our nation. The situation being such as it is, our Empire, for its existence and self defense has no other recourse but to
appeal to arms and to crush every obstacle in its path.
The hallowed spirits of our Imperial Ancestors,
guarding us from above, we rely upon the loyalty and courage of our subjects in the confident expectation that the
task bequeathed by our forefathers will be carried forward, and that the sources of evil will be speedily eradicated, and
an enduring peace be established in East Asia, preserving thereby the glory of our Empire."